Main Article Content
There is a significant count of medicinal plants and their refined natural products which being explored and are found rich in terms of therapeutic potential. A dicotyledon of the Ranunculaceae family known as Nigella sativa which is in common use for a long time in history as preservative and spice is an extensively utilized medicinal plant around the globe. It is also an eminent component of traditional medicine systems like Unani and Tibb, Ayurveda and Siddha as it has been utilized for centuries to promote health and to fight different disease. It has been widely used as antidiarrheal, analgesic, antibacterial, liver tonic, diurectic and digestive agent. It is also useful to treat several skin disorders. Furthermore, the therapeutic properties also include antidiabetic, anticancer, antihypertensive, anti-inflammatory, hepatoprotective, spasmolytic and bronchodialator. This is all because of its miraculous healing power that it has been ranked as top ranked, evidence based herbal medicines. The literature supports that the pharmacological activities of Nigella sativa are mainly because of the essential oil and its constituents particularly thymoquinone. The current review is an attempt to present a detailed literature survey regarding chemical composition, therapeutic potential and approaches to enhance the medicinal significance of this valuable plant.
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International Journal of Secondary Metabolite
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